Natural Area Torcal de Antequera
Torcal de Antequera is a Natural Area and it’s home to one of the most impressive areas of karst (limestone) landscapes anywhere in Europe. Its name comes from the dolines or “torcas”, strange rock formations in the shape of circular depressions.
Limestone dominates at El Torcal. This rock is 150 million years old, formed by marine sediments that are highly susceptible to erosion. The slow but constant action of rain, snow and wind on this material gradually shaped this characteristic landscape. Its caves and fissures are the perfect environment for caving and potholing.
There is a wide variety of bird life, such as the griffon vulture and eagle owl, as well as mammals like foxes and weasels. Along with this Torcal Bajo area, there is the Ventanillas Viewpoint that looks out over the Campanillas River, offering beautiful views of the landscape and the village of Villanueva de la Concepción.
Close to El Torcal is the city of Antequera. Its position at the geographical centre of Andalusia led to the passing of many cultures who left their mark here. The walls of its castle, and the many towers and monasteries/convents stand out amidst the city’s traditional architecture of roofs with Moorish tiles and whitewashed façades.